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How many language do you speak?

OR

How many language you speak?

Which one is correct? What is the difference?

I have found another example:

How much food are you going to take with yourselves?

OR

How much food you are going to take with yourselves?`

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  • 1
    All four are incorrect. It should be plural languages, not singular. And Do-Support is required in a yes-no question with no auxiliary verb. The second pair should have with you instead of with yourselves, and Subject-Auxiliary Inversion is required in real questions. – John Lawler May 22 '18 at 18:10
1

In a WH-question where the question word is not the subject, we always put the auxiliary before the subject, introducing a form of do as auxiliary if there isn't already one.

So:

How many languages do you speak?

In very informal speech, the auxiliary (do, are etc) is sometimes inaudible, or very nearly so; but in more careful speech it is always there.

A point you didn't ask about: language is a count noun, so you appropriately used how many rather than how much. But how many is always followed by a plural: how many languages, not how many language.

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I think the first one is correct because in the second on their has no verb.. Do is the verb of these sentences. in second sentence main verb is absence.

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