Mostly we add "s" to the noun to mean it as plural, but not for all of them. Is there any rule for adding s / es / some thing else. I mentioned few words for Understanding.

Eg : Dog - Dogs Knife - Knives bus-buses.

And i also have a doubt, should i mention Plural or Plurals. Which is correct. Eg : Plural of Nouns ? / Plurals of Noun ?

  • Because I could not find a good duplicate, I am answering this question. It is easy enough to search for "rules for forming plurals", which is how I found the info below. Jan 30, 2014 at 6:35
  • Any hint for my second part of the question?
    – Ram
    Jan 30, 2014 at 7:14

1 Answer 1


Most Nouns: add s (lamps, dogs)
Noun Ending s, sh, ch, x or z: add es (dresses, bosses, boxes)
Nouns ending consonant + o; add either s or es (There are no rules for this - you have to know.) heroes, zeros, tomatoes
Nouns ending vowel + o: add s (patios, ratios)
Nouns ending consonant + y: change the y to an i and add es (stories, pennies)
Nouns ending vowel + y: add s: (cays, donkeys)
Nouns ending f or fe: -ves and/or s (There are no rules - you have to know.) dwarfs, hooves or hoofs Exceptions
some nouns undergo a vowel or letters change (men, lice)
some nouns do not change at all (salmon, sheep)

You can read more here

  • 3
    The relevant Wikipedia article is very comprehensive. Jan 30, 2014 at 9:18
  • Is it Plural or plurals. The above mentioned wikipedia article contains plurals. My doubt is- The meaning of plural is more than one in numeral, then what "plurals" used for?
    – Ram
    Jan 30, 2014 at 9:30
  • @Ram: "Plural" is used for: a) a noun describing more than one thing ("dogs"), b) the name of the concept of such nouns in Linguistics (similarly to "possessive", 'pronoun', 'denominator' etc.) "Plurals" refers to more than one (or all) nouns that are plural (as in meaning "a)")
    – SF.
    Jan 30, 2014 at 15:54

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .