"Antigen is a substance that causes 'antiness'."

another one

"They always in the side of 'antiness'."

I'm looking for a word (noun) that means 'state of being anti' (anti=against) for something, something like 'antiness' or 'againstness' (if something like that would exist... I mean, these two words don't really exist but they absolutely can give an hint for what I'm looking for.)

Editing: the word againstness exists in English. My mistake. (thanks to Malik)

  • anti meaning "against everything"? I don't know who would use anti this way. Are these actual examples you found somewhere? There is some such usage, like here - anti but I have never heard such phrasing used. – user3169 Jun 8 '18 at 0:06
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    @user3169 Although it's not used this way in English, I suspect some other languages actually do form this word using their equivalents of anti- and -ness. If that's the case, the question is a very good fit for the word request tag. – j_foster Jun 8 '18 at 0:37
  • @user3169 I didn't write that anti means "against everything", or something like that. – Judicious Allure Jun 8 '18 at 1:29
  • If you don't want people to guess at what you mean, you should add what "anti" means in your context, along with relevant examples. And don't use a word to define the same word (or a form of it). – user3169 Jun 8 '18 at 1:51
  • Fair enough! I added some words. Did they make it more understandable? – Judicious Allure Jun 8 '18 at 1:55

Well, you said it!

Againstness is the word for that. I also see that it has been made popular recently (20th century!)

Here you go:

againstness - The state or condition of being against or in opposition to an established view, etc.

See the origin of the word!

  • Thank you! I don't why I didn't check before if this word exists, but anyway I thought about it a long later after I wrote the question and then I added it by editing. – Judicious Allure Jun 8 '18 at 3:11

For the examples you've given, the best word would probably be opposition. There are certainly other options in some contexts, including rewording the sentence.

  • @Intrigued_by_proliferation I have to apologize; that was a bit of sloppy scholarship on my part. Almost that whole paragraph was wrong; since it's not needed to answer the question as asked, I've removed it. – j_foster Jun 8 '18 at 1:42

"Reaction" is fairly close to both of the original post's requests. For example:

An antigen is a substance that causes an immune reaction.

They are reactionaries.

(In politics, reactionaries "react" to changes by trying to go back to the way they imagine things were before the changes.)

In physics (and other fields subject to conservation laws):

Every action is associated with an equal and opposite reaction.

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