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The first item I drop into my shopping basket is a mayonnaise tuna rice ball. The second (is) a cup of instant noodles. The third (is) a can of dry beer.

Can I drop the two last isses? Why or why not?

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    As a learner: Yes you can, it's called ellipsis. You can check the tag ellipsis for more info. However, I am not sure about your punctuations! – Cardinal Jun 12 '18 at 2:35
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You don't drop the auxiliary verb unless you are speaking too informally! In other words, you can omit them while speaking; they are called ellipsis. Ellipsis are the words dropped from a sentence because without them, the meaning is understood.

If you are writing those sentences formally, certainly, you don't drop any of those. In addition, a semicolon goes better in such structure:

The first item I drop into my shopping basket is a mayonnaise tuna rice ball; the second (is) a cup of instant noodles; the third (is) a can of dry beer.

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    Actually, gapping often appears in formal writing: Some of the immigrants went to small farms in the Midwest; others, to large Eastern cities. – snailcar Jun 12 '18 at 3:19
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    Or "The first item I drop into my shopping basket is a mayonnaise tuna rice ball, the second a cup of instant noodles, and the third a can of dry beer." – user3169 Jun 12 '18 at 5:24

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