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Next from English Grammar Today "is an adjective, an adverb or a pronoun" As a pronoun, it can be used with or without 'the'. In Oxford Dictionaries it is called a ‘noun’ and use of the article is frequent. Is the sentence 'Our bus stop is after the next' correct with the article or without?

  • after the next one. – Lambie Jul 11 '18 at 15:33
  • right- and in 'the next one' next is a determiner or adjective, isn't it? – Inaeugenia Jul 11 '18 at 15:35
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Next belongs to three word categories: adjective, adverb and preposition.

The next train leaves at 13.45. [adjective as modifier of “train"]

The play was next performed in 1901. [adverb as adjunct of serial order]

Ed sat next to the mayor at dinner. [preposition as head of PP]

In your example Our bus stop is after the next, the adjective "next" is a fused modifier-head interpreted as “next bus stop” (or "next one"), in which it is simultaneously head of the NP and modifier of "bus stop" (or of the noun "one").

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  • I don't see a noun. Only an adjective, an adverb and a preposition. – Lambie Jul 11 '18 at 21:59
  • next is a more or less a synonym for nearest. Is nearest in Ed sat nearest to the mayor also considered a preposition in the contemporary analytical framework? – Tᴚoɯɐuo Jul 12 '18 at 20:14
  • Yes: just like "next", "nearest to the mayor" has a locative meaning, so I'd take it as a PP – BillJ Jul 14 '18 at 19:16
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Question about: Our bus stop is after the next' [grammatical?]

Correction: Our bus stop is after the next one.

Next is an adjective here. Just as colors would be: black, red, white or pink.

the next one = the is a determiner, next is an adjective, and one is a pronoun

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  • thanks! can you give me an example of next or the next as a noun or pronoun? – Inaeugenia Jul 11 '18 at 15:54
  • @Inaeugenia The only instance of next as a noun that I could find would be in expressions such as, "Next, please, don't hold up the queue!" without the article. – LegionMammal978 Jul 11 '18 at 16:24
  • @legionmamma978 thank you that's a good example ... from authentic English! – Inaeugenia Jul 12 '18 at 6:10
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Consider:

The bigger fish usually eats the smaller.

The fastest usually wins the race.

The meek shall inherit the earth.

Superlative adjective fastest and comparative adjective smaller and the base meek are nominalized there.

The same thing can happen with next (which is actually a "collapsed" superlative meaning "nearest").

The next to open his mouth gets detention.

It can be nearest is the locative sense or nearest in the sense of temporal sequence.

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