The system will be reviewed due to a number of malfunctions being reported recently.

In this sentence, what does "being" indicate? Does it mean that malfunctions are currently reported?

Also, is it possible to use present continuous tense and a word "recently" together? It seems strange to me since "recently" is usually used in past tense.

This sentence comes from English test called TOEIC.

  • Welcome to ELL! The present participle form of be (being) can be used in place of the finite forms is/are/was/were. I agree with you that this recently indicates an action in the past. Feb 9, 2014 at 12:06
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    I guess 'being reported recently' is a non-finite clause and does not carry a tense (say, present continuous) as such, but I may be mistaken. Feb 9, 2014 at 12:15
  • The word "reported" is past tense. Feb 9, 2014 at 13:27
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    @PeterShor The word reported here is the participle component of a passive construction. Feb 9, 2014 at 13:33
  • @StoneyB: I was parsing it with being the verb, and reported an adjective (probably because of the time conflict between being reported and recently). But on further thought, I'm not sure that parsing works—it would work better if it were being recently reported. Feb 9, 2014 at 13:52

1 Answer 1


It is possible that the sentence is intended to mean that the system will be reviewed because

a number of malfunctions are being reported.

If that is what is meant, the sentence is properly formed. I think it more likely, however, that the sentence is intended to mean that the system will be reviewed because

a number of malfunctions have been reported.

In this syntactic context that would be expressed as due to a number ... having been reported.

If this is, as I think, an error, it is a common one among native speakers. We learn our grammar by example and use rather than formal instruction; and since gerund-participle clauses acting like this one as objects of prepositions are more usual in the written language than the spoken, speakers who have little practice with the written language lack sound examples to follow.

And even if it is an error, it is a fairly trivial one—one which only an alert student of the language would notice.

  • Thank you for your answer. I understand. The same kind of error could happen with my native language(Japanese). Thank you again for your help!
    – Umeco
    Feb 10, 2014 at 0:01

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