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Let's say you get to advice a teenager on how to integrate healthy lifestyle and somehow to outshine her peers. And you say:

  • You may outclass other girls by exerting extra effort if you go exercise.

  • You may outclass other girls by exerting extra effort by going for exercise.

  • You may outclass other girls by exerting extra effort if you do some exercises.

Which among these should be used to not sound awkward and ungrammatical?

  • I'm curious as to how necessary "by exerting extra effort" is to what you're trying to get across. Simply removing it fixes the first and third variations (though one could argue that they are lacking in detail). – Alexander Jul 18 '18 at 20:17
  • @Alexander, it's like you are convincing the other person that you have to exercise more, something like that. That's why I add that ''exerting effort'' to the sentence. – John Arvin Jul 18 '18 at 20:42
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The first and second are fine, with the first perhaps being slightly superior in that it hints at making exercise some kind of regular thing, while the second could suggest you’re recommending they do it only this one time.

The third risks some ambiguity, which the comments to your question noted, in that the plural “exercises” could refer to something other than physical activity; e.g. homework exercises.

Note that “go and exercise” is another option, and would actually be more idiomatic than “go exercise” in, at very least, Scotland; “go exercise” would be the more common of those two in the US.

Finally, as several comments have suggested, the phrase “by exerting extra effort” is making the statement (and your question about it!) a wee bit more complex than it might be, and you might even see it as redundant. Removing it from all your examples changes the meaning only marginally, but may make your overall intent much clearer.

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