What things are called is highly dependent on locale. Even within the U.S. there is considerable variation in terminology for everyday items,
In North America, the image you provide depicts bottles of correction fluid as well as correction tape and a correction pen. I have never heard correcting fluid or corrector, but they could be in use in other parts of the world.
correction fluid mass noun An opaque liquid painted over a typed or written error so as to allow for the insertion of the correct character. [Oxford Living Dictionaries]
White-out is also common in North America, likely a genericization of Wite-Out, which is a BIC brand of correction fluid. By the same token, Tipp-Ex may be used in Europe, though no one on this side of the Atlantic has ever heard of it.