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This question already has an answer here:

What is the difference in meaning between these two questions:

who are you?

and

what are you?

marked as duplicate by Jason Bassford, J.R. Jul 31 '18 at 9:11

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Who are you?

Asks for the person's name or identity.

What are you?

Depending on the context, what is asked for can vary quite a bit. So, it is not possible to give one general answer without further context. But possible answers could be: "I am a human.", "I am a woman.", "I am a doctor."...

  • Then there are questions like, "What are you, crazy?" (which is essentially the same as, "Are you crazy?") – J.R. Jul 31 '18 at 9:15