I'm wondering how to select between "to infinitive or -ing" in sentence properly.

Your invoice has been modified [to reflect vs reflecting in] the change to this month's order

In this sentence, right answer is "to reflect". But I'm wondering why "reflecting in" cannot be selected.

What if just "reflecting (without "in")"? this can be right answer in that sentence?

I would thank you for your help.

This is a whole paragrah.

Dear Mr.Mulgrew,

As you requested over the phone on 5 November, we checked the monthly order of food supplies you submitted through our Web site on 2 November. As you had noted, the order did indeed include ten jars of mayonnaise more than you had specified. As a result, on 8 November, we addressed this issue, which we acknowledge was our fault. On that date, we deducted ten units from your order. Your invoice has been modified [to reflect vs reflecting in] the change to this month's order, and this has been enclosed with this letter. Please accept our apologies for the error. Your item should arrive by 15 November as you requested.

marked as duplicate by FumbleFingers, kiamlaluno, Andrew, shin, Eddie Kal Aug 22 at 20:49

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up vote 0 down vote accepted

We're looking at three slightly different structures:

  1. Your invoice has been modified to reflect the change to this month's order
  2. Your invoice has been modified reflecting in the change to this month's order
  3. Your invoice has been modified reflecting the change to this month's order

For #1, to reflect means something like "for the purpose of reflecting". You could rephrase this sentence as "Your invoice has been changed so that it matches this month's order."

But in #2, reflecting in means something more like "causing" or "resulting in". So this sentence actually means something like "Your invoice has been modified, so this month's order has changed to match it."

And #3 means essentially the same thing as #1. You could rephrase it as "Your invoice has been modified, and the modification has made it match the change to this month's order."

So this is why you don't want to say "reflecting in", because it actually switches cause and effect in this case.

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