It was a stormy day. We stayed inside the house.
It being a stormy day, we stayed inside the house.
Source: Absolute phrase on EnglishGrammar
I'd like to see if the patterns hold if the subject is a proper noun such as Jake?
Absolute phrase in the past form:
- Jake was late. His friends left without him.
- Jake [being/having been] late, his friends left without him.
Absolute phrase in the present form:
- Jake is often late. His friends leave without him.
- Jake being often late, his friends leave without him.
There are no problems with commas in the absolute form but the participial form is tricky on account of commas.
- Jake's friends leave without him being often late.
If a comma is added, how is sentence six different from sentence five?
- Jake's friends leave without him, being often late.
Who is late in five and six, Jake or his friends?