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In relative clause, does the verb agree with noun, even if the subject is relativized?

In other words: which one is correct?

I love the apple that is still fresh

I love the apple that are still fresh

How about these?

I eat the apples that is still fresh

I eat the apples that are still fresh

What if I change that into which?

1 Answer 1

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Yes, the verb must still agree with its subject. This is the same when using either "that" or "which":

I love the apple that is still fresh. (good)
* I love the apple that are still fresh. (wrong)
* I eat the apples that is still fresh. (wrong)
I eat the apples that are still fresh. (good)

From a syntax perspective, this seems to be evidence that the subject of the relative clause keeps the [+plural] feature from the main clause even though it doesn't appear explicitly.

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