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What does ‘by’ mean in the following context. I took the following extract from answer.yahoo.com, on an attempt of defining the meaning of “time-sensitive”. One user defined it as following;

“It means that there is a given amount of time to have it in by.”

But I have trouble to understand the part which is labeled in bold.

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    But I have trouble to understand the part which is labeled in bold. There is no part in bold. – starsplusplus Feb 20 '14 at 14:07
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The meaning becomes clear if the sentence is re-written so that the preposition goes at the beginning of the relative close:

It means that there is a given amount of time by which to have it in

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The preposition by in this context means

not later than: be back by ten o'clock

The original sentence means

You must have it in by a given amount of time.

The phrase have [something] in by is common and often followed by a particular deadline.

Have it in by 3PM.

Have it in by the end of the week.

Because the definition you read was not setting a particular deadline, but referring to a more general given amount of time, using the phrase by a given amount of time would sound a bit awkward to most native speakers. By would more often be used for a fixed deadline, not a time span. Most native speakers would more likely say

It means that there is a given amount of time to get it in

or

It must be in within a given amount of time [which means it must be submitted within a given amount of time]

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