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Example #1

This site contains links to books that I read. I recommend these/those books.

NOTE: The links are on this site, but not on this page. The links are external links.

Should I use these or those? Why?


Example #2

This page contains links to books that I read. I recommend these/those books.

NOTE: The links are on this page, but you might have to scroll down a little to find them. The links are external links.

Should I use these or those? Why?


Example #3

I read “Book Name + Link”, “Book Name + Link”, and “Book Name + Link”. I recommend these/those books.

NOTE: The links are external links.

Should I use these or those? Why?

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1. “Those”

I liken this use to someone talking about books, and pointing to a stack of books they've read. I imagine someone pointing to that stack and saying, "I recommend those books." If he were holding them in his hand, he'd say "these."

2. “These”

The links are, in the spirit of the previous example, "in hand."

3. “These”

Again, these links are "in hand" even if the links are to an external site.

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    A deli in my hometown sold three kinds of donuts – plain, sugar, and cinnamon – but the butcher who owned the place used three labels: THEM, THESE, and THOSE, and would insist customers use those terms when ordering. A newcomer asking for one plain donut and two cinnamon donuts would be told: "Look, we've got three kinds of donuts – them, these, and those – so wadd'ya want?" The customer would then say, "Oh, give me two of those and one of them." It's a bit odd how, no matter what a customer wants, it can be said in any order, and the sentence never sounds off. – J.R. Feb 21 '14 at 19:09

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