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This is the sentence,

So you have come? I have been anxiously waiting for you

So, I have read online that the word "So" can have multiple functions and can be of different part of speech depending upon the context. Could be an adverb, interjection, adjective etc

So, what part "So" is playing in the sentence given above? It is said that "So" can function as an interjection if used to describe a surprise... I think it is playing the role of interjection here but this sentence doesn't look too much like a surprise. Please provide your opinion and tell the function "So" is playing here. Thank you!

  • Used in this way, it is a conjunction. "So" can be used to introduce a question. – Neil Sep 7 '18 at 14:27
  • I think in many if not all contexts where So is used to introduce an utterance, it has the generic meaning Given the [aforementioned] circumstances / information... Note that So [statement] is usually equivalent to [Statement] then, where alternatives such as therefore and in that case can appear either before or after [Statement]. – FumbleFingers Sep 7 '18 at 15:13
  • But "aforementioned" obviously wouldn't be appropriate in your example if it was the first utterance (in a conversation). As the first word in the initial conversational utterance, So is a much looser / vaguer term, often meaning almost nothing at all (though my guess is non-native speakers tend to overuse it as a meaningless conversational introduction more often than the natives). On the other hand, it can reasonably be used in contexts such as yours with something of the sense Unexpectedly - where [Statement] is something the speaker thinks is "unusual / remarkable". – FumbleFingers Sep 7 '18 at 15:18
  • You might like to ask yourself exactly why you started your third line in this question with So, I have read... What do you think that initial word adds to the meaning? (I suspect nothing, obviously! :) – FumbleFingers Sep 7 '18 at 15:21
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    It can only be an adverb, here functioning as an adjunct. – BillJ Sep 7 '18 at 16:58

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