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What does but mean in the following sentence taken from Bertrand Russell's Problems of Philosophy?

Such questions are bewildering, and it is difficult to know that even the strangest hypotheses may not be true. Thus our familiar table, which has roused but the slightest thoughts in us hitherto, has become a problem full of surprising possibilities.

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The word but, which you almost exclusively see used only as a conjunction, can also be an adverb meaning no more than or only. And it looks like such is the case with your quote here:

Such questions are bewildering, and it is difficult to know that even the strangest hypotheses may not be true. Thus our familiar table, which has roused only the slightest thoughts in us hitherto, has become a problem full of surprising possibilities.

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