While this sentence is understandable, it could be better if you added in a 'the' after 'for'.
Eg. "When making a call, for the volume level to be satisfactory for the other party, you can adjust it in the input sound settings of your laptop."
While grammatically correct, this doesn't sound completely natural. A more natural way to convey the same meaning could be to say "When making a call, to make the volume level satisfactory for the other party, you can adjust it in the input sound settings of your laptop" - Note the removal of to be.
While this is a slightly different grammar structure to the one you were thinking about, it certainly sounds more natural in this context. Some sentences where for noun to verb sound more natural:
It is essential for my son to play sport every weekend
My cousin wished for the All Blacks to win tonight's match
One thing you will notice is the common usage of another word in between for and the noun. In this case, my and again, the. While understandable without these words, they are necessary for the sentences to be grammatically correct.
As for your second sentence, to make satisfactory volume level for the other party, this certainly doesn't sound as natural as the first sentence proposed, and would need large restructure to seem correct. Your initial thought was much better.
So overall, the first sentence is very close to having correct grammar, but possibly isn't the most appropriate use of the grammar structure if you want to sound natural.
Hope this helps :)