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  1. Illegal trade in wildlife has become a sophisticated transnational form of crime, comparable to other pernicious examples, such as trafficking of drugs, humans, counterfeit items and oil.

OR

  1. Illegal trade in wildlife has become a sophisticated transnational form of crimes, comparable to other pernicious examples, such as trafficking of drugs, humans, counterfeit items and oil. ockquote

Which form of crime should I choose, singular or plural?

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Only your first sentence is grammatical.

If you want to use a plural version, it would look something like this:

  1. Illegal trades in wildlife have become sophisticated transnational forms of crime, comparable to other pernicious examples, such as trafficking of drugs, humans, counterfeit items and oil.

As for which you should use, that's up to you. Are you talking about the generic trade in wildlife (an uncountable mass noun), or specific countable instances of trade in wildlife?


To be more specific, when form of and crime are combined, without any intervening words, there are two possibilities:

a form of crime
forms of crime

Crime, here, is an uncountable mass noun.

It is possible to construct a sentence like this:

What was the form of the crimes?

But crimes (plural) is only used here because of the article in front of it and because crime is now being used as a countable noun.

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  • dear Jason, you have solved a much wider issue for me. But I am asking which form of noun is followed by "a form of", crime and crimes. It's all my fault, for I should have made clear everything. Commented Sep 22, 2018 at 6:31
  • @MikePhilip I've expanded my answer. Commented Sep 22, 2018 at 6:39

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