The counselor recommended that he go to a community college.
I found the above example here. What is the context and why not goes after he?
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Certain verbs in English work like that in the third person.
Those verbs of advice are: recommend, suggest and advise. In the simple present for the third person singular, they take the bare infinitive (people used to call this the subjunctive). There are also others,not discussed here. Demand and order also work like this.
1) We recommend he stay for another week. [instead of the usual s on stay: stay]
2) She advises he leave immediately. [same as above]
3) I suggest she look this up if he doesn't believe me. [same as above]
This is standard English, in both speaking and writing. And if an individual wants to pass an English test, I suggest he or she familiarize themselves with this usage. Not using it correctly will lead to losing points or getting a lower grade.
Also, please note: people say all sorts of things and speak in all sorts of ways. None of those usages are relevant here. All of them are OK. All speech is what it is. It's all okay.
Technically, the first version with Present Simple goes is not a mistake, it's just less formal (and not as widely used) than the second version, where the subjunctive is used in its classic form (with bare infinitive go). In modern British English the slightly less formal version with should go (in the place of go) is preferred:
There are two possible answers. The one I prefer is that the author is using an ellipsis, which is permitted, indeed common, but very confusing to learners.
What is meant in both sentences is "The counseler recommended that he should go to a community college." The modal verb "should" is to be followed by an infinitive without "to." So "he should goes" is absolutely wrong whereas "he should go" is perfectly proper. But it is permissible after "recommend" to drop the "should."
There are numerous cases, particularly in speech or informal writing, where certain words with a purely grammatical function can be omitted but are to be added back mentally by the listener or reader. These are called ellipses, and native speakers process them without even being aware of it. They are, however, very confusing to people trying to learn grammatical English, and, in my opinion, teachers should avoid them.