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In my language ‘mediu inconjurator’ would be literally translated as ‘surrounding environment’. Even though this term is widely used it is well known as a redundancy.

I wonder whether this case is similar in English.

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It's not a tautology (which is the more precise English word for what you describe here as "redundancy"), because "environment" by itself doesn't necessarily imply proximity. A better literal translation might be "surrounding environs", which would be a tautology. But it's not a widely used phrase.

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  • Thank you. What if I’d translated the phrase as ‘surrounding medium’? – Lucian Sava Feb 27 '14 at 10:14
  • A medium is not quite the same thing as an environment. In this context, it would be an environment that provides nutrition to organisms living in it, like a culture medium for bacteria. – Mike Scott Feb 27 '14 at 10:24

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