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  1. So now David is studying in the USA he is not coming back very often
  2. So now David is studying in the USA he won't come back very often
  3. So now David is studying in the USA he does not come very often

So what is the best solution : Is it "he is not coming back"? I think it is the best since studying in the USA is very recent, so it is a very new changement which will last only two or three years but may be present will be ok too because present continuous is already used for study so may be it is not obligatory to use present continuous for come

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All of those sentences are grammatical.

With the adverb very often they also all make sense. (Somehow, when I first answered this, I had missed those words and answered differently.)


If you are stressing that this is a very recent thing (let's say that he only moved to the U.S. a week ago), and he has yet to come back at all, then you're right that there hasn't been a pattern of habituation. Therefore, the future tense version would sound more natural:

Now that David is studying in the U.S., he won't come back very often.

Or, alternatively:

Now that David is studying in the U.S., he isn't going to come back very often.


Note that this makes a lot more sense if David had been living somewhere else in his home country and coming back is referring to visiting his family home. (And assuming that he used to come back home often before he left the country.)

If this is actually a statement about his leaving the country that's causing him to be away from home in the first place, then it would be more natural to say:

Because David is studying in the U.S., he (won't / isn't going to) come back very often.

  • no not really because he is studying in the Usa David can only comes bach for holidays or at other times and I was wondering if present continuous could be ok to express this idea, since the fact of not coming home is going to be a "new habit" which will be temporary. After his study he is going to return to his parents home – user5577 Oct 3 '18 at 16:10
  • so what is the best tense present continuous or future continuous or does both feets – user5577 Oct 3 '18 at 16:14
  • @user5577 I had somehow managed to miss the final two words in your sentence, and answered inappropriately. I have updated my answer. – Jason Bassford Oct 3 '18 at 16:22
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1) So now David is studying in the US, he isn't coming back very often. [these days, at present]

2) So now David is studying in the US, he won't come back very often. [future, come back in the future as a general proposition.]

4) So now David is studying in the US, he won't be coming back very often. [future, repeatedly coming back in the future]

One way to look at this is to compare it to simple present and present continuous: won't be coming back is to won't come back very often

as isn't coming back [at the moment or as a future] ] is to doesn't come back [a general statement]

The future continuous is for a future ongoing or continuous activity.

I'm eating a lot of bread these days.

I won't be eating a lot of bread this summer.

I eat a lot of bread now. [general statement].

I won't eat a lot of bread very soon. [in the future, often, an intention, general future statement]

  • 2) So now David is studying in the US, he won't come back very often. [future, come back in the future as a general proposition.] 3) So now David is studying in the US, he won't be coming back very often. [future, repeatedly coming back in the future] I can't see the difference between those two . Both indicates repeated actions, may the first one is for a permanent action where as will be coming back indicate a more temporary action – user5577 Oct 3 '18 at 17:29
  • Can you see differences in present simple and present continuous? If so, it's the same idea applied to a future time. I gave you an example with eat bread. Please review it. – Lambie Oct 3 '18 at 17:52
  • general statement do mean that it is permanent or will last a very long time and in this case does not come back could be an acceptable solution as a general statement – user5577 Oct 3 '18 at 18:40
  • The simple present is used for general statements: He works in London and doesn't come back on weekends. The simple future: He will work in London and will not come back on weekends. [general statement for a future intent.] – Lambie Oct 3 '18 at 21:16
  • So in this case continuous will be better as he is not going to study all his life may be 3 or 4 years – user5577 Oct 4 '18 at 5:13

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