What does had on or head-on in mean here? Could you give me the link in dictionary for its meaning.

It is difficult I think to address these issues had on an (or head on in ) American fiction.

This is a part of audio record from speech of an American writer. This is the link to audio, the phrase starts on 52 sec: https://soundcloud.com/pleasure-philosophy/american-writer-2-1mp3/s-AOcLl

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    Missing word: the effect or impact these issues had on American fiction. American takes a capital a. – Lambie Oct 3 '18 at 16:45
  • Is it right to omit these words as the effect or impact in such expressions? – Vitaly Oct 3 '18 at 16:49
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    Please believe me when I tell you something is missing. had on means nothing here without one of those terms or another similar term. I'm interested in why you don't see that..... – Lambie Oct 3 '18 at 17:03
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    I think you misheard the phrase "head on," which is a figure of speech meaning "directly." – Canadian Yankee Oct 3 '18 at 18:54
  • Please provide a link to the source since its interpretation has been questioned. – Jason Bassford Oct 3 '18 at 21:44


Sunlight has an effect on paint.

The effect sunlight has on paint is to cause the color to fade over time.

In the second, sunlight has is a reduced clause modifying effect.

In your example, these issues had is a reduced clause but the noun it modifies is missing, so your sentence is ungrammatical.

P.S. I'm not sure why there's an an in your example, an american fiction.

P.P.S. It is also grammatical to say:

The effect on paint sunlight has is ...

On paint, the effect sunlight has is ...

That is, on paint need not be considered part of the reduced clause, as I had earlier, but an adjunct phrase.

  • I am not sure about ''an' american fiction'. I have writen it from audio as I understood. Is it possible here to attach audio fragment? – Vitaly Oct 3 '18 at 18:03
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    @Vitaly: I have never done it here but others have. I think you just need to create a link to a URL where there's an audio player that plays the recording. Be sure to identify the location (minutes: seconds) where the speech is found. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Oct 3 '18 at 18:32
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    I actually think the OP transcribed the sentence incorrectly. It should be "It is difficult, I think, to address these issues head-on in American fiction." That explains the "an" - it's actually an "in" (and the "had" is also actually "head"). – Canadian Yankee Oct 3 '18 at 19:03
  • @CanadianYankee If true, it would completely change the question and answer (and also reinforce the need to provide a link to sources). – Jason Bassford Oct 3 '18 at 21:42
  • This is the link to audio, on 52 sec the phrase starts: soundcloud.com/pleasure-philosophy/american-writer-2-1mp3/… – Vitaly Oct 4 '18 at 11:09

X has/have/had issues is a common well-known phrase that means there are problems with X. It can also be used like this:

We had issues with the employee.

to say "we" experienced problems with "the employee."

In passive voice, it looks like this:

There were issues had with the employee.

If we want to use passive-voice "issues had" participially, then it looks like this.

I wanted to go through all the issues had with the employee to date.

  • I have difficulty with 'had on' in 'It is difficult to address these issues had on an american fiction'. – Vitaly Oct 3 '18 at 16:59
  • You can have issues on X as well. – LawrenceC Oct 3 '18 at 17:05

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