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I am really confused about this. My teacher tells me that after "in case" I always have to use subjunctive and this is the only acceptable form. For example : "Take a coat in case it should get chilly tonight." instead of "Take a coat in case it gets chilly tonight." My problem is that I can't find this rule in any of the grammar books I have and what is more my coursebook's answer key never uses subjunctive after in case. My hunch is that using subjunctive after in case is old-fashioned, but I am not really sure given that it doesn't appear anywhere. Please help me understand this, thank you!

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The subjective is optional and not required after "in case". It is correct to say "Take a coat in case it gets cold."

As noted in comments, "should" is a modal and not the subjuctive. The subjuctive would be "Take a coat in case it get cold." (Which most speakers would find strange.)

  • Subjective? *Subjuctive? I think you mean subjunctive. – BillJ Oct 9 '18 at 6:37
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[1] Take a coat in case it should get chilly tonight.

[2] Take a coat in case it gets chilly tonight.

I think your teacher is confused. The idiomatic "in case" does not license subjunctive clauses (we can't say *"Take a coat in case it get chilly tonight"), and in any case the presence of "should" rules out any possibility of the clause being a subjunctive.

In both examples, the preposition phrase "in case" is introducing a declarative content clause functioning as an adjunct of implicit purpose, where the meaning is Take a coat in order to avoid getting cold if it gets chilly tonight.

The only difference between the two is that [1] infers that it becoming chilly tonight is less likely than in [2].

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