There is a technology called Spring Boot. I am describing a process built on this framework.

I want to say

an approach based on Spring Boot

but rephrase it by using an adjective with the suffix -based:

  • a Spring-Boot-based approach
  • a Spring Boot-based approach
  • a Spring Boot based approach

Which one is correct?

2 Answers 2


I don't think that you can go far wrong by following guidelines like this one, which states:

Rule 1. Generally, hyphenate two or more words when they come before a noun they modify and act as a single idea. This is called a compound adjective.

In your sentence, the words "Spring", "Boot" and "based" form a compound adjective that modifies the noun "approach".

But wait: "Spring" and "Boot" are proper nouns. Reading down a little further, you come to this rule:

Rule 9a. Do not hyphenate proper nouns of more than one word when they are used as compound adjectives

It doesn't say what to do if only two of the three words are proper nouns. Looking at actual usages you will find that the proper nouns are not hyphenated, but other nouns are. Here are a couple of examples:

In Stone Building, Kevin Gardner distills his decades of experience building and maintaining iconic New England-style stone walls into this concise, informative guide - Stone Building, Kevin Gardner 2017

This chapter investigates these issues via a case study of a West London-based record company - Western Music and its others, Georgina Born and David Hesmondhalgh 2000

These examples seem to fit with rule 1 modified by rule 9a, which suggests that the correct way of hyphenating your compound adjective would be:

a Spring Boot-based approach

That said, punctuation is not an exact science, especially when dealing with obscure points like proper nouns. A fully-hyphenated version is unlikely to ruffle too many feathers:

a Spring-Boot-based approach


Quoted from to the sample chapter of "Spring Microservices in Action" by John Carnell published by Manning:

By the time you’re done reading this book, you should have the knowledge needed to build and deploy a Spring Boot-based microservice.

I like those Manning "in-action" books and use them when I have to study a new programming technology, I think you can trust in the option adopted by the author.

  • it looks like Spring and Boor are different concepts Oct 9, 2018 at 12:53
  • @AndrewTobilko It's a matter of opinion. Notice that "Spring Boot" is the proper full name of the technology and that this option fulfills rule 9a quoted by JavaLatte.
    – RubioRic
    Oct 9, 2018 at 13:05
  • @AndrewTobilko Also notice that the term that you are looking for has been already used in this field's literature.
    – RubioRic
    Oct 9, 2018 at 13:07

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