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Suppose that I have a friend which I miss him very much and I am waiting for his call.

10 days later I see him in the university and I want to tell him that if he had known, how happy I would be by his calling, he would have called me(perhaps my sentence is grammatically wrong). so what is the sentence I should say?

is this correct?

If you had known how happy I would be, you would have called me.

and if it is correct why we use "you would have called me"?

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You would have called me is the correct tense.

However, it seems strange to say you would have called me as if you are in a position to understand what he would have done.

Instead, you would normally rephrase such a sentence so that the main subject and verb is yourself:

If you had known how happy I would be, I'm sure you would have called me.

  • why not If you had known how happy I would have been , I'm sure you would have called me not conditionnal but past conditionnal because the event is not possible anymore – user5577 Oct 10 '18 at 17:51
  • Yes, that also works. The subtle difference there is that, in that version, the happiness would have been fleeting rather than (possibly) continuing for more time. – Jason Bassford Oct 10 '18 at 17:57

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