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Explain, please, where I am mistaken: a) "to rent" is you take or use timely smb's thing or property for money. b) "to rent out" is you give to smb your own thing or property for money.

1st question: to rent property is to lend thing or to borrow (timely for money)? 2nd question: to lease = "to rent" and to lease out = "to rent out" as described in "a" and "b"?

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To rent can be something a landlord does or a tenant.

He rented his cottage to a young couple.

A young couple rented his cottage.

To rent out is something only a landlord can do.

Renting is by definition not gratis. Lending is gratis.

lease, like rent, is also bidirectional, to acquire use of something, or to grant use of something, in exchange for some valuable form of consideration, usually money.

The lessor leases {something} out.

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rent a property and lease a property basically mean the same thing.

When you rent an apartment, there is a contract called A Lease or Rental Agreement.

Let's look out the two parties (the tenant and landlord OR the lessee and lessor or the owner and tenant)

If I own property, I can rent it out or rent it. Both are fine. So, is lease or lease out. They mean the same thing.

Here's the tricky bit: Although I can say that I'm renting (or leasing) out my apartment [to you] or renting (or leasing) my apartment [to you], what does not work is for you to say to me or someone else about my property anything other than**: I am renting or leasing her property. No out. BUT: She is renting out the apartment to me. The out always goes with the owner or the owner's representative: I am renting out her apartment means: I'm managing the rental for her.

So, yes, unless you know the parties and who owns what, there can be ambiguity in the simple sentence: "I'm renting the apartment" because it can mean one of two things: "I'm renting the apartment to you" or "I'm renting apartment from you."

But the out makes it clear: I'm renting out her apartment. = I'm doing it for her. I'm renting out my apartment. I'm taking my property and renting it to a tenant.

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