Can you please explain me the distinction between the words "answer" and "give answer" and feed back over the examples below?
- Answer the question.
- Give the answer.
Many words in English can function as both a noun and a verb. Answer is one of them. So you can say
John answered the question (a verb)
John gave an answer to the question (a noun)
These sentences have the same meaning. Your examples also have the same meaning.