i don't know in which contexts I have to use One of these two verbs? Can anyone help me?

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  • Do you have specific examples that you are unclear about? Please edit these into the text. – Jan Doggen Oct 31 '18 at 15:36

say (v): Utter words so as to convey information, an opinion, a feeling or intention, or an instruction.

tell (v): Communicate information to someone in spoken or written words.

At a basic level, "say" is to utter information out loud. "Tell" is to the same thing, to other people. This is why "say" has only a direct object,

I have something I want to say.

while "tell" normally has both a direct and an indirect object.

I have something I want to tell you.

Not quite a duplicate question, but more information

Keep in mind that both "say" and "tell" are fundamental verbs with many definitions, all of which you should learn by hearing native speakers use them in context. For example:

A: It's so hot! What does the thermometer say?
B: I can't tell. The humidity has fogged up the glass.

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