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In the following sentence I am confused about using "is" or "are":(disregard the meaning, it is just an example)

Do not change your clothes when the door or the window is open

Do not change your clothes when the door or the window are open

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Well, basically you are confused in SVA (Subject-Verb Agreement) and the usage of conjunctions like 'or' and 'and'.

Let me break your sentence to explain:

Do not change your clothes when the door is open Do not change your clothes when the window is open

Now, we'll use both 'or' and 'and' in your sentence. As 'or' is a conjunction that comes with the singular verb, we need to use 'is'. More information about the usage of 'or' is here.

So, in your example,

Do not change your clothes when the door or the window is open.

Similarly, 'and' conjunction involves all the aspects, and therefore, the verb 'are' is used there. More information on 'and' is here.

Do not change your clothes when the door and the window are open.

Here, we don't consider 'clothes' for deciding the verb. You can note it easily.

Hope this will clear your doubt.

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