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Thomas came running.

In the above sentence THOMAS is the subject and CAME is the verb. What grammatical label can be given to the word RUNNING.

2 Answers 2

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That's a participle adverbial phrase.

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Thomas came running.

"Come" is a catenative verb, so this is a catenative construction.

"Running" is a non-finite clause serving as catenative complement of "came".

The term "catenative" comes from the Latin word for "chain". We use it to describe constructions which have a chain of two or more verbs, like "came" and "running" in your example.

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