Can I use "so on" to mean that there are still more on the list in formal writing, particularly in an essay?

Internet has improved people's living standard and made our lives easier and more convenient with numerous online services. Such convenience includes online shopping, internet banking, job seeking services and so on.


2 Answers 2


The phrase you probably want is and so forth; the phrase and so on is a more informal variant of it that means the same thing. See dictionary.

  • Wiktionary doesn't seem to suggest that either one is more or less formal than the other. "And so forth" is probably less common in spoken English but I don't see "and so on" as being in any way informal. Commented Nov 19, 2018 at 17:59

I don't think it's grammatically incorrect to use and so on in a sentence. You could use and such as well, which [by definition][1] means "and things of that kind."

  • Thank you JSanchez, so which one do you think more suitable for formal writing style?
    – Tinh Le
    Commented Nov 16, 2018 at 7:20
  • My preference has always been and such :D
    – JSanchez
    Commented Nov 16, 2018 at 15:36

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