According to oxford advanced learner's grant sth to somebody is correct.
But in the following sentence grant sth for sb is used .
The U.S. has been urging China to increase market access and grant intellectual property protections for American corporations, cut back on industrial subsidies and, at a broader level, bring down the $375-billion trade gap.
Is it correct?


With to (grant something to somebody) the preposition phrase is a complement of the verb: to somebody designates the recipient of the grant.

There are several ways of analyzing the sentence you quote; but the preposition phrase headed by for is not a complement of the verb in any.

  1. The PP is a constituent of the object noun phrase: for American corporations modifies intellectual property protections. The corporations are beneficiaries of the protections, not recipients of the grant.

  2. The PP is a modifier of both object noun phrases: the corporations are beneficiaries of both the market access and the protections.

  3. The PP is a modifier of the conjunct verb phrases: the corporations are beneficiaries of both the increase and the grant.

The recipient of the grant is not named under either analysis; presumably it would be the US.

It doesn't really matter how you analyze it, and I doubt that the writer gave much thought to expressing his thought with technical precision; they all amount to pretty much the same thing, which is that the US is urging China to do things which will benefit American corporations.

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