The Drinker was begun in 1944 when Hans Fallada was imprisoned in a criminal asylum for the attempted murder of his wife. Author of two previous novels, his third, The Drinker, is autobiographical and tells the story, in diary form, of a man driven by the demons of morphine and alcohol.


Maybe I am a little bit slow on the uptake but I do not understand the passage in bold. The passage does not make sense to me. The subject "author of two previous novels" has no predicate. It seems to as if this part is cut off.


Your bolded text is not a clause but a noun phrase, which should be set in apposition to another noun phrase, its "predicand", which it describes. Usually the predicand is the noun phrase which immediately precedes the appositive:

Hans Fallada, author of two previous novels, started his third . . .

But when the appositive phrase falls at the start of a sentence it should describe the immediately following subject, like this:

Author of two previous novels, Hans Fallada started his third, The Drinker, in 1944 while he was imprisoned in a criminal asylum for the attempted murder of his wife.

The writer of this passage has carelessly disregarded this simple convention for establishing the predicand of an appositive, compelling the reader to figure out what it was the writer's job to make clear.

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    Don't know why you think it's a convention. When the subject (Hans Fallada) has already been named, it's perfectly normal to use pronouns thereafter. While I can't dissect the grammar, the sentence is a fairly normal use to a native speaker. – jamesqf Nov 25 '18 at 3:37
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    @jamesqf If Fallada has been previously named the pronoun is fine: "Author of two previous novels, he began his third ...". But his is only by the vagaries of labelling a pronoun: the genitive case recasts a noun or pronoun as a determiner (if you're modernist) or an adjective (if you're a traditionalist), a constituent of the noun phrase his third novel. As it stands, the writer glosses the third novel, not Fallada, as the "author of two previous novels". – StoneyB Nov 25 '18 at 4:32
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    Well, I'm not a grammarian, so I'll have to take your word for it :-) But my point is that it is a fairly normal English sentence/paragraph, which I had no trouble understanding, and might well have written if I wrote about stuff like that. – jamesqf Nov 25 '18 at 17:15
  • Would it be fair to treat is as something akin to an introductory phrase? – shawnt00 Nov 25 '18 at 23:24
  • @shawnt00 Well, it is an introductory phrase.CGEL would call it a "supplement", not a constituent of the main clause but something only loosely attached to the main clause. The argument here is the character of the attachment. – StoneyB Nov 26 '18 at 12:44

If we are willing to cut the author some slack:

Author of two previous novels, his third [novel], The Drinker, is autobiographical and tells the story ...

treating Author of two previous novels not as a noun phrase but as a kind of absolute construction.


You are almost correct. The intended meaning of the bolded fragment is that Hans Fallada had written two novels before he wrote The Drinker, and then the rest of the sentence describes the book. However, the way the sentence is written suggests that The Drinker (being Hans Fallada's third, though third what is unspecified) is the author of two previous novels. This is obviously nonsense, and therefore we have to search for other possible meanings.

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