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Which sentence is correct 1 or 2 ? First sentence is correct in English Grammar In Use Book at Unit 41. But i didn't understand why they didn't use heard instead of hear.

  1. I hear the party was great. I wish I could have gone.
  2. I heard the party was great. I wish I could have gone.
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    They are both grammatical. Without more context, there is no way of knowing if the book was after something specific. – Jason Bassford Supports Monica Nov 24 '18 at 20:29
  • I am confused with the party "was" great(past tense) but "i hear" is present tense, – Murat Can OĞUZHAN Nov 24 '18 at 20:36
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    I hear (now) the party was (in the past) great. – Michael Harvey Nov 24 '18 at 20:38
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    There is nothing wrong with mixing tenses in some constructions. This is one of them. This is similar to I keep hearing the party was great or people tell me the party was great. It could also start with a future tense: I'm sure people are going to tell me the party was great. – Jason Bassford Supports Monica Nov 24 '18 at 20:40
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As Jason Bassford and Michael Harvey mention, the time frame of one part of a sentence does not have to be the same as the time frame of another part of the sentence. This is particularly true when talking about reported speech or events. The event can be at any time, and the report about the event can be at any time. For example:

I hear/heard your party was a big success.

Did I hear the report on the party just now? Or did I hear about it in the past? Both make sense, depending on what you want to say.

This can also be true for current or future events:

I saw (in the past) that the big convention downtown has (currently) so many people trying to get in that they have (ongoing) to turn them away.

I see (just now) that the President will make (in the future) a speech in New York tomorrow afternoon.

Not all combinations will make sense, of course. The point is that the two parts of the sentence have independent time frames.

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