In the Oxford Learner's Dictionary's meaning 1, what is the difference between apply to and apply for, and what is the meaning of (for something) after apply to somebody/something? What element of clause structure is it, like complement or adjunct? And does it have the same meaning and structure as make application to somebody/something for something in this dictionary?
'Apply to' should be followed by the person(s) who will approve or reject the application.
'Apply for' should be followed by what is received if the application is approved.