Q : Are these books borrowed by you yesterday?

A1 : Yes, these books are.

A2 : Yes, these are.

What is difference between A1 and A2?

  • The question is dubious. It should have been Were these books...
    – user22427
    Dec 11, 2018 at 12:02
  • @JanDoggen or "Are these the books ..."
    – Andrew
    Dec 12, 2018 at 19:38

1 Answer 1


Both answers are awkward. The best and simplest way to answer the question is:


If you need a short sentence answer, you should use one of the subject pronouns (it, he, they), not a demonstrative pronoun (this, that, these, those)

Yes, they are.

You would use "these" to point to a particular group of books.

Yes. These books I borrowed yesterday, but the ones in my bag I took out last week.

The difference between A1 and A2 is that in A1 the word "These" is a determiner, and in A2 it is a pronoun.

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