In the sentence
We went cycling.
Why is there an added "ing" in cycling?
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Specifically in the phrase "we went cycling" the "ing" ending in cycling is necessary because the word functions as a gerund for the verb "went" rather than as a verb itself.
Another way to phrase this sentence would be: "We cycled." One reason to choose "we went cycling" vs "we cycled" would be that the speaker wants to emphasize a single cycling incident as opposed to the general concept of having cycled.
I am more concerned that you have a homework assignment that includes grammar which you haven't yet learned. Check your textbook to see if there is a chapter on gerunds, which are conjugations of verbs that like nouns. These are very common. Examples:
- Hunting tigers is dangerous.
- She enjoys sailing, skiing, and tennis.
- The most important part of the recipe is mixing the ingredients.
In this example, it's also helpful to know that "go" in English is a versatile English verb. To "go X-ing" usually means to do that activity, rather than travel to some location. Example:
Later today I need to go shopping for groceries.
If your example included the present progressive, it would be:
We are camping.