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A survey was written by the company. (sentence) (past tense)

A survey written by a company (phrase). (no tense)

A survey written by a company suggested there were faults in the business.

Does this last example require (which was) written by a company. Is it just the writers choice. Isn't the meaning the same?

It was a survey written by a company. (Is **it* the subject or survey) ?

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It is common in English to leave out the "which/that is/was/are" of a relative clause, even in formal writing.

A survey which was written by a company -> a survey written by a company.

This process is known to linguistics as Whiz deletion

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