What are the differences between "their country" and "their own country"?

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The inclusion of own merely acts to emphasise or intensify the association with or sense of possession of the object or place concerned.

People tend to use own for things or places that are important to them or that they have created although this is a trend rather than a rule.

So while we speak of my shoes, my parents, my home, my school and my doctor we tend to include own in such expressions as all my own work, my own efforts, my own idea when we want to emphasise our unique part, our creative inspiration or particular ownership.

Their country is not an emotive phrase in itself. It merely refers to the country that "they" come from.

Their own country is more likely to be used of a territory or area special or sacred to a community, clan or tribe such as the Australian aboriginals or First Nations of America.

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