Include title cards and additional graphics over cards and picture

It's about video production.

Does it mean:

Include (title cards) and (additional graphics over cards and picture).


Include (title cards and additional graphics) over (cards and picture).


Is it context-dependent or is there any other way to clearly identify the structure of this sentence?

1 Answer 1


This is entirely context-dependent. My instinct is to interpret it as your second example, but without context we cannot know which makes more sense.

It could even be interpreted in a third way, if we allow for polysyndeton (the practice of using a conjunction between every element of a list):

Include (title cards) and (additional graphics over cards) and (picture).

That seems pretty unlikely to me, not least because polysyndeton is more often an error than a stylistic choice, but the grammar does permit it.

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