If you wanted to use such in that sentence:
The hard drive is destroyed such that it cannot be rebuilt.
There such = "in such a manner" and such that = "in such a manner as"
P.S. But note the difference in the as-clause and the that-clause. In the that-clause the subject of the main clause can be repeated:
... hard drive is destroyed ... such that it cannot be rebuilt
whereas with the as-clause there is no repetition of subject and the clause is infinitival:
... hard drive is destroyed ... in such a manner as not to allow it to be rebuilt
... hard drive is destroyed ... in such a manner as to make rebuilding it impossible
... hard drive is destroyed ... in such a manner as to prevent it from being rebuilt
In practical terms the hard drive is destroyed and cannot be rebuilt in all of those formulations, so if your only concern is that the formulations must ultimately express the same underlying fact, they do indeed.
If your concern is to express that idea as succinctly as possible, I would recommend using the modal verb: so that|such that it cannot be rebuilt.