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In grammar rule, the verb "make" follow infinitive without "to": for example my teacher made me study hard. But I found a below sentence.

The act of being heavily committed makes an executive likely to miss certain sighs.

I am confusing because I think the phrase seems infinitive with "to" for me.

Or the phrase "likely to do" works as an adjective, here?

  • I don't believe your grammar rule exists: I was made to clean the floor. Can you provide a link to the rule you're thinking of? It's possible there is a misinterpretation. – Jason Bassford Jan 19 at 9:53
  • Cambridge dictionary: Make meaning ‘force to do’ We can use make meaning ‘force someone (to do something)’. In the active voice, we use it with an infinitive without to: The boss made me work an extra day. Not: The boss made me to work … However, in the passive voice, we must use an infinitive with to: The people were made to wait outside while the committee reached its decision. – Min Gu Jeon Jan 19 at 9:55
  • So, what you're saying is that to never immediately follows make in an active-voice construction. How about I made to take a step forward when I noticed the tripwire? No, because you're talking about the meaning of forced specifically. The reason for that is because it's used transitively. Make has to be followed by an object: I made (him / her / them / it) do something. In your example sentence, to does not come immediately after make. It's not makes to an executive. – Jason Bassford Jan 19 at 10:02
  • So, I mean that the quoted sentence, "the act of being heavily committed makes an executive "to" miss certain sighs", without likely would be the wrong sentence, I think. because the "to" followed the verb make. – Min Gu Jeon Jan 19 at 10:16
  • No, the sentence is fine. As I said, it is not makes to an executive. To comes after makes, but not immediately after it. It doesn't matter if it comes after it at some point in the rest of the sentence. – Jason Bassford Jan 19 at 10:26
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Yes to your last question: "likely to miss ..." works as an adjective in this sentence.

The grammar of the sentence:

"The act of being heavily committed makes an executive likely to miss certain signs."

is similar to the grammar in

The act of being heavily committed makes an executive careless.

The rule about "make" with the bare infinitive of a verb (meaning to cause [someone] to do [something]) doesn't apply to this situation because the whole phrase "likely to miss certain signs" is functionally an adjective in the sentence (not a verb).

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