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Is "would" correct in the following? If so, how does it differ from "will"?

The mayor has decided to build an amusement park because it would / will attract many tourists.

I'd appreciate your help.

2 Answers 2

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would and will are both correct. There is no stringent syntactic rule that requires a backshift from will to would inasmuch as the second clause can be considered so-called reported speech.

Some stylists might regard will as lacking in felicity and clarity, but it's grammatical. With will it's not perfectly clear whether the author is asserting that the amusement park will indeed attract many tourists or is only presenting the mayor's argument.

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Both options are correct, but depending on the scenario, one or the other might be preferable.

In your sentence, where the mayor has decided, I would use will, because it is a definite, and not a proposal.

However, if you changed the sentence to say the mayor is considering, you would probably use would because it is referring to something that may or may not happen.

"The mayor is considering building a new amusement park, because [if he builds it,] it would attract many tourists."

However, using the sentence as it stands, I would use will, because the mayor has already decided to build it, and it's just what is going to happen.

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