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What is the grammar and structure of "leaving" in the following sentence?

In some cases the loose soil is blown completely away, leaving a stony surface.

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"leaving" is the head of a participial clause functioning as an adverbial which might denote consequence, as it expresses the result of the blowing away of the loose soil:

  • In some cases the loose soil is blown completely away, thus leaving a stony surface.

  • In some cases the loose soil is blown completely away, leaving as a result a stony surface.

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