He borrowed me a sizable chunk of change from his venture-capitalist buddies.
Has a clearer meaning than this terse example.
He borrowed me money
The sentence above is just plain confusing.
(Normally) We borrow something from someone
- I borrowed Dad's car.
- I borrowed the car from Dad.
The giver either lends something to someone or lends someone something
- Dad lent the car to me
- Dad lent me the car
The OP supplied the context in their parenthetical phrase, (from someone for) because they were forced to, otherwise everyone would be telling the OP the verb "borrow" is being used incorrectly. The fact that borrow meaning lend can be used regionally or in many dialectics does not remove the sentence's ambiguity UNLESS context is supplied.
Cambridge Dictionary says
Lend means ‘give something to someone for a short time, expecting that you will get it back’. The past simple and the -ed form are lent:
I never lend my CDs to anyone.
I lent Gary £30. (I expect that Gary will return this to me)
Borrow is a regular verb meaning ‘get something from someone, intending to give it back after a short time’:
Could I borrow your pen for a minute, please?
Laura used to borrow money from me all the time.
When you give something, you lend it; when you get or receive something, you borrow it:
Can I borrow your dictionary?
Can I lend your dictionary?