I understand the sentences perfectly but I have difficulty finding what are the exact functions of the prepositions (of) used in the following sentences.

  1. We were sitting at a table with a man of about my age.

  2. I had just left a country of wide lawns and friendly trees.

  3. It was a mansion inhabited by a gentleman of that name.

  • Where did you get these examples? I do not agree with #1 and #3. "We were sitting at a table with a man about my age." "It was a mansion inhabited by a gentleman with that name." – Peter Feb 16 '19 at 21:15
  • The Great Gatsby , by F. Scott Fitzgerald – Talha Özden Feb 16 '19 at 21:28
  • Those are perfectly good sentences, even if they wouldn't always be the usual way to say things in every dialect. – SamBC Feb 16 '19 at 21:59

In all three examples, 'of' is performing a role indicating possession, though not in the way that of usually acts as a possessive/genitive indicator. This may be a source of confusion. In fact, they are indicating attributes rather than possession, but because we might say people or things have attributes, the matter can be confused.

So, here's a brief digression if you're interested in the normal sort of "possession". It's not really important to this answer - feel free to skip ahead. You would normally form possessives in English using a possessive pronoun (your, her, his) or the "Saxon genitive" -'s: Philip's, Barbara's, the Government's, and so on. In some cases, usually for poetic reasons or for the sake of euphony, you can use of - "the home of my aunt", "the banks of the Thames". (There are cases where the 'of' form is the only one available because there's no possessive version of, for example, some indicative pronouns).

However, in this case the thing before the 'of' is what possesses the thing after it - but as a characteristic, rather than an actual possession.

So, to answer your question, In phrases like these, "A of B" indicates that B is some sort of characteristic or attribute of A. "A man of about my age" is a man whose age is about the same as mine. A "country of wide lawns" is a country (which may mean an area of land that is not actually "a country" in the usual sense) which is characterised by wide lawns. A "gentleman of that name" is a gentleman whose name is whatever the indicative "that name" refers to.

Similarly, a "shape of ten sides" is a shape characterised by having ten sides (a decagon). A "bill of £42.50" is a bill stating that the amount owed is £42.50. Even the famous "writ of habeas corpus" is a legal writ to demand that whoever is holding a person produce them in court (habeas corpus meaning approximately "that you have the body", which is to say the person). A "woman of uncommon intellect" is an unusually smart woman, and a "man of habitual lateness" is a man who has difficulty turning up for anything on time.

  • Hi again me. :) "I am not sure this deparment has the resources to deal with something of this magnitude." In that sentence does "of" was used in the same way as in the sentences I posted in my question – Talha Özden Jun 22 '19 at 20:01

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