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I learned that two of the sentence patterns are S V O C and S V O O,
the verbs in these patterns would be different from other verbs, meaning they would have their own grammar rules.

What if I use these kinds of verbs in a way that does not fall into the two mentioned structures, say, I put these kinds of verbs in a gerund form or a infinitive form?

Do the rules still apply?

These verbs still have to be followed by object + complement or indirect object + direct object ?

For example,

Infintive form:

The soldiers have no desire to keep the citizens safe.

The students aren't willing to give others their textbooks.

Gerund form:

The soldiers are tired of keeping the citizens safe.

The teacher never took an interest in reading the students a story.

These are some sentences I wrote, they don't seem to fit into S V O C and S V O O patterns,
but are the sentences still grammatical?

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The examples you give are all grammatically correct.

In the non-finite clauses the verbs don't have subjects, but there is still the VOC or VOO order, and the meaning is of the syntax is the same as for a finite clause.

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