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When I looked for the meaning of "take a chance", it seems like it involves risks.

Macmillan says:

to do something even though it involves risk

So I think it's similar to take a risk.

Then how about "get/have a chance" and "grab/seize a chance"?

Do they also involves the nuance of risks?

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Chance can have the implication of risk (of loss), but not always. On its face, the word chance simply means that a result could fail, not necessarily that there are negative consequences for failure. There often are negative consequences for failure, of course, but based on context and idiom the listener should be able to determine whether risk is involved.

Idiomatically, "take a chance" definitely has the implication that failure will have consequences. Idiomatically, "get a chance" does not have this implication, nor "grab/seize a chance". This may help you to remember: people typically want to "get" things. "Getting" things is nice! But you can "take" anything, including things you don't necessarily want. On the same note, while you can "take" anything, you typically won't "grab" or "seize" things you didn't intend to.

As a side note and background for how these idioms are used, a person will typically first hear "get a chance {to do something}" as a small child, where failure is definitely a possibility (because you are a small child without much skill) but consequences are minor (because you are a small child protected by adults). "Get a chance to kick the ball" for instance.

Regardless of why an idiom carries an implication-- without a negative consequence for failure, the word "chance" becomes very nearly synonymous with "opportunity". In fact, you can substitute "get an opportunity" for "get a chance" in nearly all instances of the phrase without changing the meaning. Likewise, "grab/seize an opportunity" for "grab/seize a chance".

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