1. I ate rice in the morning. 2. In the morning, I ate rice. 3. Rice was eaten by me in the morning. 4. In the morning, Rice was eaten by me.

Are they all correct sentencess? In the last sentence, Is there any dangling ( Either active or passive doesn't matter to me. )?

  • 3
    Do not capitalize nouns (e.g. "Rice") that do not start a sentence. Only the first two sentences would be commonly used. – Michael Harvey Mar 9 '19 at 10:22
  • I would like to ask you why you chose to ask "rice was eaten by me" which sounds unnatural, just out of my curiosity. – Kentaro Mar 9 '19 at 10:24
  • Some kind of passive-voice school exercise? – Michael Harvey Mar 9 '19 at 10:51
  • @KentaroTomono, my emphasis is on dangling, not on whether it be active or passive. – Mohammad Abul Hasem Mar 9 '19 at 12:32
  • @MohammadAbulHasem Then it is dangling. As vectory puts it, why would you like to make a simple statement to be unusual by making it passive? – Kentaro Mar 9 '19 at 12:55

In the morning, I ate rice.

This begs two questions:

  1. Was it I who ate rice in the morning?

In the morning, I ate rice and my sister ate buckwheat.


  1. Was it rice that I ate in the morning?

In the morning, I ate rice and in the evening, buckwheat.

Since it's unclear without context what the author had in mind writing this, it sounds odd because of the dangling modifier "in the morning".

At the same time

I ate rice in the morning

definitely means—that it was I who ate rice, not some other cereal, and it was in the morning and not in the daytime or in the evening. The same goes for the passive construction "(The) Rice was eaten by me in the morning", strange as it sounds.

  • Great. Sorry to vectory, Rompey's answer is very easy to understand.I got so confused by your answer. – Kentaro Mar 10 '19 at 0:38

Where has the rice gone? It was eaten by me.

This would be unusual, but grammatically correct. It would be very bad style, because it's longer than a simple "I ate rice". You could find "Rice is disliked by so many people", where people is indefinite and thus the objective in this context. Definite noun phrases have a tendency to precede the indefinite ones. If we have "A cat caught the mouse", that sounds slightly odd, because the cat is immediately defined as the cat that caught the mouse (then it depends, whether you can point at the cat, or whether you rather front the mouse in a passive sentence). The point is, the definite noun phrase reopens a known context, and that should not be left dangling except for suspense or Q&A style.

That's my take, it's not official grammar, but it's pragmatics.



The man hit the boy

Who did hit the boy? The man.

Whom hit the man? The boy.

Who was hit by the man? The boy.

But not "Who hit the man?", because nobody did hit the man; although the difference between who and whom is fuzzy in common speach. For this reason, a passive construction is preferably:

What happened to mike? Yesterday he was struck by lightning.

  • If I say "In today's morning, a glass was broken by Rony". Is it correct saying? My emphasis is on whether it is dangling or not – Mohammad Abul Hasem Mar 9 '19 at 12:26
  • @MohammadAbulHasem BTW, you should say "this morning". At the same time, you can say "yesterday/tomorrow morning", without "'s". – Victor B. Mar 9 '19 at 15:38
  • 1
    Your examples: "Who did hit the boy? The man". "Whom hit the man? The boy." So, you have no doubt that it should be "Whom did the man hit?"" Who hit the boy?", do you? – Victor B. Mar 9 '19 at 15:50
  • @Rompey I am actually becoming a little doubtful, because I don't understand the reason for your question, but I am pretty sure about those examples. Why are youasking? – vectory Mar 9 '19 at 16:25
  • Then you should revise Subject and Object Questions so that you can get my drift. – Victor B. Mar 9 '19 at 16:46

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