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As far as I know, to use "much" with an adjective, the adjective has to be in comparative form. For example, much happier, much prettier, etc.

And it is used with nouns;

  • I don't have much time.
  • I didn't get much sleep last night

And as a pronoun;

I don't talk to her much (often)

With positive adjectives we use "very" for similar meaning.

For example,

  • I'm very happy now.

What would "I am much happy", "I am much beautiful", "I am much good" mean?

  • I am much shorter than you. That's using much with an adjective. So, am I missing something? Or I have much happiness. That's not comparative in any way. (It's nonstandard but still grammatical.) – Jason Bassford Mar 10 at 13:45
  • Colleen V, I edited my question, Please re-enable it – user88834 Mar 10 at 14:18
  • Thanks for adding more information. If you want to make sure I see your message, you need to put an @ in front of my username and not put any spaces in it, like @ColleenV – ColleenV Mar 10 at 14:37
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    "I am much happy", "I am much beautiful", and "I am much good" would all mean bad grammar. Why? You seem to know the rules. Use a comparative adjective form with much: much happier, much better, etc. BTW, in "I don't talk to her much" "much" is not used with a noun. This "much" is different from "much" in "I don't have much time." They perform different functions. This may help - macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/much_1 – Enguroo Mar 10 at 14:47
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    It's just randomly not very idiomatic. Sometimes to analyse it you would need to do a deep study of the history of how language is used. "I don't feel good that much" is fine. – SamBC Mar 10 at 17:15
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Much can be used with an adjective or with a noun. To be used with an adjective, the adjective has to be comparative, such as happier or shorter. To be used with a noun, it must be a mass noun (uncountable), such as happiness. So, we can say:

I am much happier.

Or:

I have much happiness.

(It doesn't work with all mass nouns in all situations; native speakers don't say "with much speed", because we tend to think of speed as having size rather than quantity - so it's "with great speed". But we might still say "without much speed", and "without great speed" would sound a little stilted. Even with happiness I would tend to use great, and I think other native speakers would tend to as well, but much doesn't seem as unnatural with happiness as it does with speed. Trying to break this down to get a clear idea of when to use it with what would be rather a mammoth task.)

"I am much happy" doesn't mean anything except someone who doesn't know English very well is trying to say either "much happier" or "very happy". It has no special or unique meaning, it's just something that would be pretty much universally seen as wrong.

  • could you provide more examples of uncountable nouns which can't be used with much? – user88834 Mar 10 at 15:21
  • It's not even "can't be used with much"; it depends on other words. Like "without much speed" is fine. I'll edit to clarify. – SamBC Mar 10 at 15:22
  • okay I get it. Thanks for the elaboration – user88834 Mar 10 at 15:39

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